OSD affects the fragile area of the cornea (the translucent coating that shapes the front of the eye). The condition is often linked to flaws in the form and function of the eyelids and the eyelid glands, and specifically in the ocular tear film, a mucus layer which protects and lubricates the surface of the cornea.
People with weakened ocular surfaces have a higher risk of discomfort or further ocular deterioration. It’s important to detect the evidence of infection early on, in order to limit the risk of serious or persistent complications.
Dry eye syndrome associated with OSD can be attributed to numerous factors, including older age, various medications that treat anxiety, depression, hormone replacement and high blood pressure, and ecological elements such as hot windy temperatures and air conditioning.
Women also show a higher propensity than men, and illnesses like arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis and thyroid disease can provoke inflammation and discomfort in the tear glands.